Sport is a manifestation of the social needs of the human being and it is also a cultural manifestation of great relevance. From ancient Greece, States consider sport as an activity of general interest, which fulfills educational functions and provides health benefits.
In general, sport exhibits enormous inequalities, depending on sports events male or female, differences that are illustrated in the support of federations, clubs or sponsors. In fact, in some disciplines, the economic allocation of prizes in the sports competitions it is lower when only women participate.
Advances in women’s sport
There are many sports where, now, women appear playing important roles due to their performance. But even though the female sport is gaining ground in featured tournaments, still not enough the recognition it deserves.
Proof of this is that the media, and in particular television, dedicate less resources and efforts to the coverage and / or transmission of the women’s sports competitions.
Although women train at the highest level and compete in demanding categories, they don’t get the recognition they deserve, either because they practice a minority sport, or because they are not men.
A minority sport It is one that has fewer followers, although it enjoys some fame, such as judo, fencing or synchronized swimming. For women, historically, it has been easier to figure in individual sports that in the team sports.
Thus they have been able to succeed in athletics, gymnastics, ice skating, swimming, while reaching good places in team sports It has taken them much longer.
However, women already figure as winners in soccer and baseball.
Within the team sports that have always been made by women we have: Synchronized swimming Y rhythmic gymnastics, both minority sports. The question then is: Does women’s sport really have the recognition it deserves?
Presence of women in sports
More than 110 years ago, tennis was the only sport in which women enjoyed a certain national and international prestige.
And due to the low participation of women in sporting events, women’s sport appears, in the media, only when women get a medal or set a record.
And therefore, during the rest of the seasons, the athletes are alone and are forgotten, without receiving any support for their training and physical preparation before the competitions. It is at that moment, when the financial and professional support that is given to them will allow them to obtain better results, by developing to be outstanding athletes.
The truth is that today, women have high returns and therefore, it should be time for them to be given the recognition and support they deserve. But the media, including television, mostly talk about male sports and more specifically soccer.
Therefore, it is important to expand the coverage of women’s sport events, so that this sport get the recognition you deserve. Above all, because if there is more media attention, there is a better chance of getting more interest from sponsors.
This interest translates into greater financial support and, therefore, in a greater chance of achieving success in the sport that is practiced.
The women’s sports are considered more evolved, less promoted by money, more family oriented and more transparent than male sports.
Women and the Olympics
Women have been a part of the Olympic movement since the second edition of The Modern Olympic Games which was held in Paris in 1900.
This participation was not official and they could only do it in the sports of: tennis, croquet, sailing and golf.
In 1908, in London, 36 women participated out of a total of 2008 athletes, also unofficially. The sports They were: archery, skating, tennis, sailing, and motor boat competitions.
In 1912, in Stockholm, women were additionally admitted to swimming.
In 1928, in Amsterdam, women began their participation, in athletics, which increased the number of women to 290 out of a total of 2,883 athletes.
In 1968, in Mexico, a young athlete was appointed to carry the Olympic flame for the first time.
Enriqueta Basilio carrying the Olympic flame at the 1968 Mexico Games
In 2000, in Sydney, female athletes carried the Olympic flame in commemoration of the one hundred years of female participation in the Olympics.
In 2012, in London, women already represented 45% of all athletes and were allowed to participate in boxing, which was the only discipline where they could not.
At the London Olympics it happened that all participating nations entered at least one woman as part of their delegation, including Muslim nations.
Despite the advances that women have made in the Olympics, there are still a number of male athletes greater than the number of female athletes. Consequently, the male sport obtains a greater number of medals than women’s sport.
Despite the fact that there are disciplines, such as horse racing, where the athlete’s gender is irrelevant, since men and women participate in the same sports competitions.
The Olympic games are really an opportunity to see a picture of the world and the situation of men and women in sports and in life in general.
Women in marathons
On April 19, 1967, the participation of women in marathons changed, when Kathrine Switzer managed to sign up as KV Switzer at Boston Marathon.
He did it with the support of his coach, who looked for the material, lied in the medical study and collected the number of the bib that corresponded to him, the 261. Kathrine Switzer he thus circumvented the prohibition that prevented women from competing in a marathon and then changed history.
Kathrine finish the Boston Marathon in 4 hours and 20 minutes, despite the boycott of the organizers, who tried to remove her from the race and remove the number from her chest. From that day on, the number 261 became a symbol of the equality of women in sports.
In 1971, the New York Marathon created the women’s category and thus set an example for other marathons to officially take women into account.
Today, the marathon is a sports discipline that involves both men and women, in which female participation has grown exponentially.
Women’s sport in Spain
Since 2014, women’s sport has awarded the spanish sport 65% of your wins.
Therefore, it is important to begin to recognize that in the female category we have extraordinary sporting potential that is rarely newsworthy. It is then about giving value and recognition to the great effort and talent that our athletes have.
Undoubtedly, a lot of progress has been made in women’s sport, but it should not be denied that the road is still long and that there is still a long way to go. Above all, because the reality is that female sport Spanish it is every day more successful and its athletes more outstanding.
The new Spanish Sports Law aspires to guarantee the equality of women, whose main objective is to reconcile family and sport.
One of its articles considers that any athlete or athlete, who wants to be a mother while active, does not lose the benefits to which they are entitled. This is one of the best ways to preserve in the sporting events in Spain effective equality between men and women.
This legal text is a unique opportunity to express that sport is a matter of public interest and to suppress any indication of discrimination.
As the former Spanish athlete said Maria Jose Rienda: “Sport has no gender. Sport has a very powerful force to break down barriers and lead us to a better society ”.