Winston churchill was a British politician, statesman, historian and writer, who was born on November 30, 1874, in Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom. His full name is Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill.
His father was Lord Randolph Churchill, third child of the seventh Duke of Marlborough and his mother, a very beautiful American named Jennie Jerome.
Winston he remembers his childhood years as happy under the protection of his mother, who was cultured, intelligent and sensitive. Which explains his rebellion, expressed in disinterest in his studies, when his father first admitted him to the Ascot College and then in the Harrow School.
After two unsuccessful attempts, he managed to enter the Sandhurst Military Academy, where he changed his attitude, he studied hard, was applied and serious in class.
In December 1894 he graduated from the Academy and was the eighth of his class. He was in the war in Cuba in 1895, in India in 1898 and in Sudan in 1899 and on those battlefields, he learned about the art of war. This learning was directed especially to the warlike strategies, the ones that later used to face the enemies of England.
On September 2, 1908, Winston he married Clementine Hozier at St. Margaret’s, Westminster, with whom he had five children.
From 1929 to 1939, Winston churchill He was voluntarily removed from politics and dedicated himself to writing and painting under the pseudonym Charles morin.
In June 1953, Churchill He suffered a cerebrovascular accident that paralyzed the left part of his body, which is why in 1955 he resigned as Prime Minister.
However, the figure of Winston churchill and his councils continued to guide the political life of those who ruled after him the fate of the United Kingdom. For someone so active with Churchill, these ten years of retirement were unbearable.
Winston churchill He died in London on January 24, 1965, at the age of 90, due to a stroke.
Winston Churchill’s political career
In 1898 Winston churchill began to have political participation when deciding to form part of the Conservative Party, which allowed him to appear in the elections the following year.
In 1899 when he did not win a place as a deputy, he decided to go to South Africa as a correspondent for the “Morning Post” in the Boer War.
There he was taken prisoner and transferred to Pretoria, from where he managed to escape and return to London, traveling four hundred kilometers and many dangers of death.
In London he was greeted as a hero, which put him on the front page of newspapers, for his extraordinary bravery.
That notoriety led him to get, the following year, a seat in the House of Commons, thus initiating the Winston Churchill’s political career with just 26 years.
In the parliament he became famous for his speeches and also, he won some detractors for his rebellious spirit and reluctance to blind partisan disciplines.
This behavior made him change games several times, for which his interventions in the House of Commons they were expected and at the same time feared, due to the controversy it caused.
For this reason, in 1904 he went to the Liberal Party, beginning to hold various government positions such as Undersecretary of Colonies, Minister of Commerce and the Interior.
First World War
In 1911 Winston churchill had been named Lord of the Admiralty and decided to reorganize the British army.
Winston Churchill statue in London
So he prepared the British Navy to be the first in the world, changing the fuel of the fleet from coal to oil and installing large-caliber guns.
It created the “terrestrial battleships”, which originated that the tanks were indispensable in the next warlike encounters.
All these preparatory actions made the UK ready for any warlike confrontation.
But after failing in the Battle of the Dardanelles (1915) he resigned and rejoined the army, fighting on the western front as a commander and lieutenant colonel.
In the middle of the war Churchill He was appointed Minister of Armament in 1917 and Minister of War and Air from 1918, time in which he tried to reduce the military budget.
Second World War
As of September 3, 1939, Churchill returned to exercise his position of Lord of the Admiralty and all the units of the troop received the message: “Winston is back with us.”
But it was not a good time for the United Kingdom, because they were not prepared, materially, or psychologically for war.
For this reason, on May 10, 1940, when Churchill he was appointed Prime Minister gave a speech where he said: “I have nothing more to offer but blood, effort, tears and sweat.”
Churchill He managed to maintain the morale of the British through his speeches, almost hypnotic, so he was able to create a coalition government.
And he took the opportunity to create the Ministry of Defense in order to better control the entire war effort of the nation.
While France was subdued by Hitler and the United States declared itself neutral, Churchill in a cabinet meeting he said: “Well, gentlemen, we are alone. For my part, I find the situation extremely stimulating ”.
he had accepted the challenge of changing that situation, which he would soon achieve when the United States and Russia entered the war.
During the war, Churchill had twelve meetings with Franklin Delano Roosevelt, where they discussed war strategies and the United Nations Declaration.
In the time that the Second World War, Churchill he worked between sixteen and eighteen hours a day, transmitting encouragement, energy and optimism to his collaborators.
On the Allied Victory Day, upon entering Parliament, Winston churchill
received the biggest standing ovation in the history of the British assembly.
After the Second World War, Churchill
He was considered a political giant, but despite this, he did not have the support of the people in the 1945 elections.
Even so, in 1951, with the support of the Conservatives, he would once again be Prime Minister, a position he would resign in 1955 for health reasons.
Awards and Recognitions given to Winston Churchill
Within the awards and recognitions given to Winston churchill the most relevant were:
- Knight of the Garter (1953), awarded by Queen Elizabeth II.
- Nobel Prize in Literature (1953), for “his mastery of historical and biographical description, as well as his brilliant oratory in defense of human values.”
- Duke of london (1955), which he did not want to accept and since then, it has not been offered to anyone who is not part of royalty.
- Charlemagne Prize (1956), awarded by the German city of Aachen to those who have contributed the most in Europe to the cause of peace.
- Father of the House (Father of the House) (1959), for being the parliamentarian with the longest continuous service in the British Parliament.
- Honorary Citizen of the United States (1963) conferred by President John F. Kennedy.
Books written by Winston Churchill
Within the books written by Winston churchill the following stand out:
- The History of the Malakand Field Force (1897), his first book.
- The War of the Nile (1899)
- Savrola (1900)
- The Boer War (London to Ladysmith via Pretoria) (1900)
- Lord Randolph Churchill (1906)
- My Trip through Africa (1908)
- The world crisis 1911-1918 (1923)
- My Youth. Autobiography (1930)
- Marlborough: His Life and His Time (1933)
- Great contemporaries (1937)
- World War II (1950)
- History of the English-speaking peoples (1956)