What to know about multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that affects the spinal cord. This condition causes damage to the myelin sheath, a substance found around nerve cells.

These damages block or slow down the messages sent between the body and the brain. Consequently, the patient with the problem experiences muscle aches, loss of sight, numbness, itching, poor memory, among others. In the following lines you will find valuable information about what to know about this disease.

What is multiple sclerosis?

Multiple sclerosis is due to a neurological problem that is chronic and autoimmune. On the other hand, it is a pathology that causes great problems to the brain and spinal cord.

The degrees of injury it produces and the poor communication that neurons experience are considered transitory. However, they usually last for considerable periods of time, sometimes there are outbreaks. Sometimes they become permanent.

The disease does not affect the life expectancy of those who suffer from it. However, it is a problem that can completely disable the individual. Above all, in young people, since it affects various areas such as social, economic and family. The average age of manifesting is between 18 to 40 years. Being the most prone women for its development.

Typology

There are different types of multiple sclerosis, so we detail a little about it:

Recurring – sender

It is the most common and usually affects almost 80% of the cases that exist. When the disease begins, no symptoms are likely to appear. This can be the case for many years. The outbreak of the disease is unforeseen, therefore, symptoms can appear when least expected.

Secondary progressive

It appears when the disability caused is persistent or worsens when the disease reappears. Experts indicate that more than 30% of people with the condition, at the beginning of the recurrent stage, experience the secondary progressive way. This process is characterized by a lasting progression, with minor remissions and moments of stability.

Main progressive

This group is unusual, since the number of people who belong to this type is minimal. It is characterized by the decrease in outbreaks with slow onset, increasingly stronger symptoms and a short remission time.

Progressive relapsing

It corresponds to an atypical way, where the progression exists from the beginning. Also, patients face acute flare-ups. In some cases, with recovery and in others not. On the other hand, the outbreak phases are recognized because they are characterized by a continuous progression.

Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis

Various studies conclude that genetics is essential in the way the person deals with the problem. When an affected person is in a family, their 1st degree blood relatives are likely to develop it. The main symptoms include the following:

  • Blurred or double vision
  • Fatigue.
  • Weakness in all limbs.
  • Trouble speaking
  • Lack of balance or vertigo.
  • Tenderness or loss of strength in parts of the body.
  • Numbness and tingling sensation.
  • Difficulty coordinating movements or walking.
  • Urinary incontinence

Recommended treatments for multiple sclerosis

There are complementary treatments that keep the disease under control. However, this condition has no cure. Until the present, outbreaks can only be reduced and their progression slowed. Likewise, there are also some ideal alternatives to be able to counteract its symptoms, such as:

Condition-modifying treatment

It is intended to reduce or prevent flare-ups caused by multiple sclerosis. In addition, it is a good alternative to prevent or reduce the disability that results from the disease. It is a medication with active principles such as glatiramer acetate, interferon beta 1a and interferon beta 1b. In the event that the person does not respond to the drugs, other treatments such as natalizumab are used.

Treatment for symptoms

The symptoms experienced often affect the quality of life. Therefore, here are some alternative treatments that help mitigate the symptoms produced by the disease.

Physiotherapy

Strengthening and stretching routines are essential to give strength to the muscles. With this, the patient will feel more energetic, and will carry out daily activities without so much effort. In the case of weakness in the legs, the use of a walker is recommended, ideal for strengthening that area of ​​the body.

Muscle relaxant

Tizanidine and baclofen are indicated to minimize muscle spasms and stiffness.

Other medications

There are other medications that are usually given for times of pain, sexual dysfunction, depression, and bowel and bladder problems.

Treatments for breakouts

The symptoms of the outbreaks are usually severe, in them symptoms such as weakness, imbalance, and loss of vision usually appear. Doctors often prescribe corticosteroid-based treatments to achieve a quick recovery. In those moments of the patient’s condition, it is advisable to remain completely at rest.

Sunlight and vitamin D

The main cause of multiple sclerosis is associated with demyelinating lesions and axonal damage of the central nervous system. In fact, an approximate of 2.3 to 2.5 million individuals in the world suffer from this disease. For this reason, it is a condition that has been subject to constant studies.

In this sense, experts believe that it is essential to regularly expose the patient to sunlight. Because, with adequate protection, it will be possible to control factors related to the development of the disease and the loss of vitamin “D”.

On the other hand, from the moment the pathology is diagnosed, it is advisable to visit the neurologist periodically. In this way, an adequate follow-up will be carried out and it will be the one that will indicate the treatments indicated for each phase of the disease. The disability caused by the disease is slow and progressive.

In other cases, it is also possible for the patient to experience recovery. This is because driving that occurs through recent injuries may sometimes improve.

On the other hand, it is normal for MS patients to face psychological problems, which not only depend on clinical symptoms. In fact, in people with better prognoses the fear of being paralyzed or worsening the pathology persists.

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