What is Asperger syndrome and what are its symptoms?

The Asperger syndrome is a form of autism that encompasses various difficulties, especially communication and social interaction, in addition to some behaviors that are unusual in neurotypical people, as those who do not have disorders described within the degrees of autism are called.

The syndrome was discovered and described by Hans asperger, in 1944, psychiatrist, pediatrician, researcher and professor of medicine who dedicated himself to studying mental disorders, especially in children.

The scientific works of Hans Asperger did not have relevance until after his death, based on the new research carried out on autism spectrum disorders, where this syndrome appears, named in his honor.

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Characteristics of Asperger’s syndrome

This syndrome is framed in the Autism Spectrum Disorders, so it is a type of autism, but whose linguistic and intellectual skills differentiate it from autism, so to speak, classic.

Although this syndrome is more common in boys, many girls can suffer from it and not be diagnosed, mainly due to their ability to hide the social difficulties related to it.

However, cases of girls with Asperger’s have been discovered due to the collapses they present, especially when they pass the age of ten, that is, when there is more social pressure around them.

These collapses highlight their poor communication and social relationship management, and cause them to spontaneously release emotions that they only express at home, where they feel safe to release repressed emotions throughout the day.

The first symptoms and signs appear, generally, during the first year of life, when you can observe some clumsy movements of the baby caused by poor motor coordination.

The aspis, as those with this syndrome are called, have limited interests and some are repetitive, so it is common to observe children and adolescents who are experts in a single subject.

Some symptoms

The way of expressing an aspi denotes too much formality, and completely different from that of a neurotypical; In addition to having a linear intonation, without rhythm, monotonous that tends to be fast or very slow, and of an inadequate volume.

They maintain rituals, routines, and norms that pigeonhole them in their own comfort zone, to feel safe and minimize the level of confusion. Any change in their routine can lead to anxiety or breakdown.

Lacking social skills, aspis maintain isolation and the tendency to address a single topic.

They give the impression that they are not interested in interacting with other people and completely ignoring them, hence their difficulty in engaging in conversations and making friends.

They show delay in the development of motor skills, since they have poor coordination.

The stress they present can be caused by the jokes, irony, sarcasm and humor that people often use in their conversations, since aspis understand the language and the world around them literally.

Facts about Asperger

  • There are people with this syndrome who have a high IQ; however, others do not.
  • Someone with Asperger’s can be very good with numbers, but others have number learning difficulties.
  • People with this form of autism are also likely to have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or (ADHD), the causes of which are unknown.
  • Currently, three out of every ten thousand people in the world suffer from this condition, and in the United States, people with the syndrome are diagnosed as “affected by a type of autism”, according to the Statistical and Diagnostic Manual of the American Psychiatric Association.
  • However, both the World Health Organization As in many countries in the world, it is still classified as a psychiatric disorder.

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