What Causes Low Back Pain and How to Relieve It

The lumbar pain or low back pain is a lower back condition, the waist, which usually extends to the buttocks and thighs. Young people to old people can suffer from this pain. Among the causes that originate it are sudden movements, maintaining a bad position or performing activities that include a lot of weight.

What Causes Low Back Pain?

Low back pain can occur from activities that include bending over many times or lifting very heavy things. These episodes can cause what in medicine is known as muscle sprains and strains, which are basically tears or stretches in the ligaments of the muscles.

Another way in which a pain of this type can appear is by some traumatic injury such as traffic accidents or a strong fall that has an impact on the area. If you are an athlete, you are at greater risk of suffering a lumbar injury, so you must be careful and take the necessary precautions. Among the most common causes of this condition we find:

  • Spondylolisthesis: it happens when any of the five vertebrae that make up the lumbar region moves out of place, compressing some of the nerves that make up the spine. This type of pain is accentuated when walking and extends to the entire back.
  • Sciatica: the sciatic nerve is the one that passes through the middle of the buttock and that care must be taken not to touch when injecting into the area. When this nerve is compressed by a blow, or by the presence of tumors or cysts, the lower back suffers. It is a burning pain that spreads through the entire leg to the foot.
  • Degeneration of intervertebral discs: the spinal column of the human being is composed of vertebrae and small discs or pads that cushion and separate said vertebrae; When these intervertebral discs wear out due to aging, they cause severe pain in the lower back.
  • Radiculopathy: refers to the specific compression of the nerve root of the spinal cord that causes numbness and inflammation in the lumbar until it spreads to other areas of the body.

The causes are very varied and even low back pain can be due to other reasons that are not related to the back, such as bone or kidney infections, kidney colic, osteoporosis or tumors.

How do we relieve pain?

The best option is that you go to the specialist, especially if your pain is chronic, so that they can diagnose the cause and from there, the necessary treatment. However, you can keep these tips in mind to ease symptoms while you go to your doctor’s appointment.

  • Among the medications are pain relievers and anti-inflammatories, such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen, which do not require a doctor’s prescription; therefore, if you have at home, you can take a dose according to the dosage of the medicine.
  • Apply hot and cold cloths; if there is inflammation, the cold helps to reduce it and reduce pain; after a few hours, constantly apply hot cloths.
  • It is not good for you to stay in bed. Rest is necessary but it is not the solution. Take a pain reliever and lie on your side, place a pillow between your legs until the pain subsides; then, get up carefully and walk slowly until you feel that you regain mobility.
  • Yoga is good for pain relief and prevention.

We are all exposed to low back pain as it can be caused by something as simple as the movements we perform frequently or simply by the fact of getting older. For this reason, it is important to inform ourselves well about it.

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