What toothache We know a whole catalog of symptoms associated with pain in the oral area, a consequence of an inflammatory problem from different origins.
Let’s review the most common causes of what we know as toothache below. We will also provide recommendations to achieve their relief until they can be evaluated and treated by a trusted dentist, as well as avoid their appearance.
Causes of toothache
As we have just pointed out, the pain is product of inflammatory processes that press on adjacent tissues and nerves, generating the painful sensation that warns that something is not in a normal situation. Any physical abuse or infectious process that affects the dental pulp, the gums, or the mucosa generates vasodilation and increased blood flow. Originating in turn an inflammatory process with a local increase in temperature, which triggers a pressure stimulus on the nerves, triggering a signal that is directed directly to pain receptors in the brain.
Among the main causes of oral inflammation is, in the first place, cavities, which can go to the extreme of producing an abscess or phlegmon. Another cause of toothache is gingivitis, or inflammation of the gums (* link to article 6 tips to reduce inflammation of the gums *), whose progression can lead to periodontitis, a product of permanent bacterial infection of the gums.
In addition to them, the emergence of wisdom teeth, dental fractures, alveolitis, as well as pulpitis -or inflammation of the dental nerve- generate intense toothaches. As well as, to a lesser extent, the pressure derived from bruxism, sinusitis, inflammation derived from a recent dental extraction or, even, dental hypersensitivity to both cold and heat, or acidic foods.
Remedies to relieve toothache
- Carefully brush and floss your teeth to remove pressure debris.
- Rinse with salt water or a dilute hydrogen peroxide solution.
- Apply crushed cloves (spice). A piece of garlic or grated ginger is also recommended.
- Apply tincture of guaiacum (Guaiacum officinale), vanilla or clove. You can also apply essential oil of peppermint, lavender, tea tree or sage, or rinse with a solution of calendula tincture in water, infusion of mint or chamomile, guava leaves, or thyme.
- Soak gums with cold Aloe vera gel.
- Do mouthwashes with a borax solution.
- Use very cold compresses on the affected area.
- If necessary, use a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory such as ibuprofen, paracetamol, or benzocaine-based gel, taking strict care not to exceed the recommended doses.
- Elevate the head above the level of the rest of the body when resting.
- Eat soft foods, not sugary or hot, such as scrambled eggs, gazpacho and plain yogurt.
Hygiene tips to avoid toothache
- Carry out a good brushing of the teeth several times a day, including the tongue and gums.
- Use dental floss to remove plaque and food debris from the base of the teeth and between the teeth.
- Use mouthwashes that help remove plaque from hard-to-reach corners.
- In case of dental hypersensitivity, do not consume excessively cold or hot foods, or acids, and use a specialized toothpaste for these cases.
- Visit the dentist regularly to remove embedded bacterial plaque.