Oral surgery is a specialty of dentistry that aims to solve severe dental pathologies. It is in charge of diagnosing and surgically treating diseases, defects and trauma in the mouth in general, both from a functional and aesthetic point of view.
It is a common procedure in any dental clinic, performed under local anesthesia and sometimes through assisted sedation. On this occasion, we will tell you what the most common types of dental surgeries in dentistry, which can be applied to both children and adults.
The most common types of dental surgeries
Dental implant surgery
Clinics they make dental implants quickly in one day that allow the replacement of damaged or lost teeth due to different causes. It consists of the surgical location of a metallic element in the jawbone, which will serve as support for the placement of a crown that will replace the lost teeth, making the result as natural as possible.
Cosmetic dental surgery
Refers to procedures aimed at correct aesthetic problems, improving the appearance of the smile caused by tumors, trauma or congenital alterations. This field includes veneers, dental implants and crown lengthening, as well as techniques related to gum reshaping (gingivectomies).
The tooth extraction refers to the extraction of teeth or portions thereof. The most common case would be the extraction of wisdom teeth, teeth that can appear in inappropriate areas and cause patients to experience severe pain or suffer from tooth mobility and crowding and even cause cavities, infections and periodontal disease.
It refers to the relocation of the jaw to the position that it should really occupy. When the jaw has malformations, be they congenital or caused by accidents, bite problems and jaw pain develop, in addition to representing an aesthetic issue that considerably affects a person’s self-esteem.
For frenectomy It is understood the removal or extirpation of one of the two braces of the mouth, when these impede normal oral functions, generating problems in speech or feeding. In these cases, cutting the frenulum and removing excess tissue can be done in a simple way with the use of localized anesthesia.
Gingival abscess drainage
In cases of periodontal disease, it is necessary to make a small incision that allows the purulent substances accumulated inside the tissues to escape, favoring cleaning and improving oxygenation, to collaborate with the recovery of the gum along with the appropriate treatment for the infection.
All these procedures are completely safe and with a reduced level of risk as long as they are carried out in the hands of specialists and within adequate facilities for this purpose. It is necessary to visit the dentist periodically to detect any complications or threats to oral health in time, so that it is possible to correct them in time.