Recently-discovered-animal-species

Recently discovered animal species

One of the groups into which organisms are classified is the Animalia Kingdom. It includes those multicellular living beings that ingest, digest and metabolize other living beings as a way of obtaining their energy.

It is estimated that, to date, more than 1,100,000 animal species have been cataloged, including extinct and living. But a conservative number indicates that almost 10,000,000 more could be described, between terrestrial and marine animal species.

Scientists are always in search of new species that help us to better understand the biodiversity of the planet we inhabit.

Extinct animal species

The most recent? A human species

In recent days it was news in all the media: a group of scientists had Found in the Philippines a New Extinct Species of Humans. They named it Homo luzonensis, since the remains were found on the island of Luzon. They place it between 67,000 and 50,000 years before our days. The description was made based on thirteen remains corresponding to teeth, bones of hands and feet, and part of a femur.

Scientists described the new species with some characteristics similar to modern humans. However, others resemble them to older human groups, such as the curvature of the bones of the fingers and toes, which suggests a climbing habit.

Homo luzonensis bone: time.com

Marine animal species

Remembering Victor Hugo: Epimeria quasimodo

Among the recently discovered animal species we find this peculiar crustacean of the group of amphipods. It was discovered in the Arctic Ocean. The name was assigned to it because of the “hump” or curvature that it presents in the exoskeleton, which is reminiscent of the fictional character. It is approximately five centimeters long and resembles a small lobster.

A cryptic seahorse

It is no larger than a fingernail and has a coloration That allows him blend in between the corals covered with algae, to which it clings strongly with its tail. However, the Japanese saw it and called it Hippocampus japapigu.

It has very peculiar characteristics: in addition to its tiny size –Between 14 and 16 millimeters–, it is so strikingly colored that it looks like prints. To this is added a bone crest on his back and a pair of bumps in the form of wings that protrude from the neck. This last characteristic differentiates them from other pygmy horses that have two pairs of winged extensions.

And, following with dwarf animal species, a shark

In reality, it is a false dwarf shark, identified as Planonasus indicus. It lives more than 900 meters deep in the Indian Ocean, specifically between India and Sri Lanka.

Its discovery was made through a photograph that came to the hands of shark specialist David Ebert in which an unusual shark appeared. By tracking it, Ebert found that Sri Lankan fishermen catch it frequently when deep-sea fishing for other sharks, but discard it because it has no economic value to them. However, its discovery represented one more addition to the world’s animal species.

Tardigrades or water bears

Is about microscopic animals, belonging to the group of invertebrates. They are extremely resistant; they can survive extreme conditions of temperature, radiation and starvation without damage. These characteristics qualify them as “indestructible” and suggest that they would be the only animals that would survive a cataclysm.

Recently a new species was discovered that was identified as Macrobiotus shonaicus. What differentiates it from other species in its group is the irregular shape of its eggs and its stout legs.

From Myanmar came Ophichthus naga

Corresponds to a new species of eel that lives more than 400 meters deep, in muddy bottoms. Its name was assigned in honor of Nāga, a sea serpent, in the shape of a dragon and great powers, considered a Buddhist deity. The difference with other species of snake eels is the number of vertebrae it has, the origin of its dorsal fin, the shape of its teeth and its dark brown coloration.

Terrestrial animal species

Tapanuli orangutan: so big and I hadn’t seen you

Currently recognized as Pongo tapanuliensis, this species of great apes presents unique genetic and morphological characteristics that allowed them to be separated from the orangutans of Sumatra and Borneo. It is postulated that about 10,000 to 20,000 years ago the genetic isolation that led to the formation of the new species occurred.

There is other evidence, based on their behavior and their habitat, that reinforces the separation. For this reason, it is considered that the population of the tapanulis could be ancestral to the other two. An estimated 800 individuals of this species of orangutan remain in the Batang Toru rain forest.

They reinforce the separation. For this reason, it is considered that the population of the tapanulis could be ancestral to the other two. An estimated 800 individuals of this species of orangutan remain in the Batang Toru rain forest.

From the group of insects, two new beetles

Recently discovered animal species include two species of beetles.

One of them, Nymphister kronaueri, was discovered in Costa Rica traveling on the abdomen of warrior ants. For that, they hold tightly to the waist of the nomadic ant using their strong jaws. Thus, the beetle easily moves between different places where it gets high quality food. In addition, its color allows it to completely blend into the body of the ant.

For its part, in the Chinese province of Guangxi, in the Du’an cave the species of beetle Xuedytes bellus was discovered, which is characterized by having a thin body, more similar to an ant.

And also two new bats

Recent discoveries in the animal kingdom include the species Myotis zenatius and Myotis crypticus.

The first is known as the buzzard bat, it lives in the mountains of the Maghreb, Morocco and Algeria, and is an extremely rare and vulnerable species.

The other species is called the cryptic buzzard bat, as it had been confused with another closely related species from which it is separated by subtle external characters. However, it has recently been shown that the two species are genetically different and do not mix despite sharing much of their habitat.

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