Problems that really affect the planet

The negative impact of human development on the planet it is undeniable, in any room. The effects are becoming more evident every day, being able to accurately notice the problems that affect the environment.

Human life needs certain resources to live, such as water, food, a roof. These resources have been extracted from the environment since the beginning of time, but the human race has reached a point where it abuses the earth and where its activities have become harmful to the planet.

What are the problems that affect the environment?

Much is said about him climate change, environmental pollution, water scarcity and the extinction of animal and plant speciesEither due to natural reasons or caused by human hands, but these are just some of the problems that affect the environment.

There are three ways to discriminate the problems that affect the environment:

  • Those who affect the way of life of the species.
  • Those problems that destroy or interfere with the development of ecosystems.
  • The problems that pollute natural resources.

10 main problems that affect the environment

1- Climate change

Is the easiest problem to identify, since over the years its effects have been felt more strongly, causing concern around the world. In addition, this is one of the problems that affect the environment that can trigger another series of damages.

Climate change has its origin in the emission of greenhouse gases that began to accumulate in the atmosphere since the Industrial Revolution.

This accumulation has caused an increase in the planet’s temperature of 1.1 ° C, which has caused extreme meteorological phenomena, ocean acidification, mass migration, the extinction of animal and plant species, the melting of the poles and between others.

2- Pollution

Pollution is one of the most serious problems that affect the environment because it makes any environment toxic through pollutants.

Pollution consists of entry of substances or bodies into an environment where they are not naturally found. This represents a health risk of all the species that make life in that environment, be it air, water or land. The pollution in the sea is perhaps the biggest concern, since puts marine life at risk to the pollute bodies of water.

3- Garbage and waste

Although it can be seen as a continuation of the previous point, waste and garbage count as their own factor, since people’s waste represents an excessive growth.

It is expected that by the beginning of the XXII century the amount of garbage on the planet has increased up to three times more than currently exists.

4- Deforestation, burning and logging

Plants are life forms that are adept at purifying the air. If forests are the lungs of the planet, deforestation, burning and felling of trees reduce the possibilities of having clean air, which is a big problem that affects the environment.

Furthermore, forests are the natural habitat of millions of plant and animal species. Deforestation, burning and logging destroy these ecosystems, displacing species, which usually ends in the isolation of them in environments where they cannot satisfy their needs.

5- Loss of land

Soil degradation is one of the problems that affect the environment and has an almost immediate impact on the lives of people, other animals and plants. Each species has become accustomed to a type of soil and the products that come out of it, but with soil degradation, erosion and drought, fertile land has been shortened, and food and agriculture in those places have been reduced. affected.

6- Water shortage

Few forms of life can survive without constant water consumption. Since the beginning of history, people have settled near bodies and waterways. But today, with all the problems that affect the environment, access to clean water has become difficult.

Several experts assure that water will become the most valuable resource by the middle of the 21st century, unleashing wars and conflicts around the world.

7- Extinction of animals and vegetation

The loss of biodiversity is a problem that affects the environment because it directly affects the different ecosystems. While the extinction of vegetation is more related to climate change and pollution, animal extinction is mainly due to indiscriminate hunting.

8- Trafficking of animal species

The illegal trafficking of animals is a problem that affects the environment because it involves the introduction of exotic species to new environments, to habitats where they do not naturally belong. This not only concerns the safety of people, but also that of the animals themselves, as there is a risk that they will not adapt to the forced environment.

9- indiscriminate fishing

Fishing is an important economic activity for our food, but the fishing industry abuses its own resources, leaving the sea surface without much of the life that feeds other species. This is tearing down a food chain from its lowest link.

10- Power consumption

Consumption of energy produced by fossil fuels is a problem that affects the environment due to the great negative impact it has. Energy is necessary to work and to drive human industrial activities, and this generates toxic emissions.

Problems affecting the environment are already at a very advanced stage, but something can always be done to slow down their evolution.

The United Nations Environment Program emphasizes the ways of reverse problems that affect the environment, or at least avoid the worst consequence if you act quickly and responsibly.

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