Pinworms-intestinal-infection

Pinworms: intestinal infection by parasites

The presence of pinworms is identified by an itch or itch in the area of ​​the anus. Which is produced by a parasite, whose scientific name is Enterobius vermicularis and is also known as pidulle. The infection is caused by a white and yellow worm, it has a size that can reach up to six millimeters.

They are present in the final area of ​​the intestine. In addition, they reproduce by means of tiny eggs. By the time the female is loaded, she escapes from the rectum at night and plants her seeds in the anal region.

What are pinworms?

When the person infected with pinworms comes in contact with the anus, the eggs stick to the tips of the fingers. In this way, said infection could spread to other people through articles, food, hands or clothes. After your body comes into contact with the eggs, they will survive for two weeks on various surfaces.

The aforementioned contamination is very common in children. In addition, it is likely that in certain cases symptoms will not be experienced. On the other hand, there are people who feel uncontrollable itching around the vagina or anus. These discomforts can be very strong, and cause fatigue, bad mood and tiredness.

The specialist doctor will be able to diagnose the condition, with the search for the eggs. The best way to do this is by using masking tape on the area where these germs collect.

Triggering causes

Accidentally aspirating or swallowing pinworm eggs causes intestinal infections. Tiny parasites can get into the mouth area when contaminated food or drinks are consumed. After being swallowed, they settle and mature in the intestines into adults within a few weeks.

In the case of female intestinal parasites, they usually pass into the anal area to plant their eggs. This almost always causes the person to feel excessively itchy in a certain area. When this happens, it is essential not to scratch. If they do, they will need to disinfect their hands after that. Above all, because these parasites tend to survive for several weeks in the environment.

What are the main symptoms of pinworms?

Here is a list of the most common symptoms caused by this intestinal infection:

  • Intense itching, specifically around the anus.
  • Impediment to fall asleep, due to night-time discomfort.
  • Irritability, product of not sleeping and itching.
  • Skin infection in the scratching area.
  • Vaginal redness or discomfort. Especially in little girls.
  • Loss of weight or appetite, very common in cases of strong or severe infections.

Possible difficulties

Typical infections with these parasites almost always do not cause serious problems. However, in certain cases the abundant infectious pictures, can generate serious inconveniences to the female genitalia. These germs usually travel from the anal area to the vagina. After there, they pass around the pelvic organs until they affect the fallopian tubes.

Most of the time there are more serious difficulties such as endometritis or vaginitis. Also, there are other stronger complications such as urinary tract infections. To mitigate any type of risk of getting or contracting this contamination, it is important to wash your hands frequently. Especially in little girls, who wear diapers.

How to prevent pinworms

Eggs tend to adhere to certain elements, such as sheets, toys, toilets, taps, among others. Therefore, surfaces should be properly cleaned to prevent spread. In this sense, here are some important tips to achieve it:

  • Washing the anal area every morning helps prevent the spread of infection. It is ideal to minimize the amount of eggs that may be present in the body. It is important to shower, instead of bathing in a bathtub, as this can only trigger re-contamination.
  • Change bedding and underwear daily, this allows to avoid and eliminate these germs.
  • Wash clothes in hot water, such as blankets, hand cloths, underwear, among others
  • Dry the garments in the dryer and at maximum temperature. Exposing them to this heat is ideal so that they are completely sterilized.
  • Do not scratch on the genitals. In the case of children, keep the nails trimmed to avoid discomfort and spread of infection.

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