Most polluted cities in the world

Since the beginning of the industrial RevolutionAt the end of the 18th century, the development of countries accelerated as they industrialized. The establishment of a whole structure of production served as the basis for establishing the economic development Y Social of countries that are currently called “developed”.

Were created new goods Y services and they diversified the Consuming patterns, originating, in turn, new needs. From there, the world economic expansion accelerated with environmental consequences associated.

Industrial development had direct hit about him environment by destroying natural spaces and occupying them, but, above all, by the generation of pollutants. Furthermore, the constant trend of countries and industries to increase production has continued to cause major environmental impacts. But not only industries have contributed to the environmental deterioration in the most polluted cities in the world.

Own demographic expansion has led to the generation of huge amounts of waste that considerably increase pollution in cities. Thus, the products of waste from industries and of the own human activities have direct effects on daily life of people.

Global data from the most polluted cities in the world

By the end of 2018, Greenpeace and AirVisual joined forces to establish the most polluted cities in the world. To do this, they measured the presence of particles in the air and compared it with the values ​​accepted by the World Health Organization. The results they got were alarming. 99% of cities in South Asia and 89% of those in East Asia exceeded the maximum value established by WHO. The same happened in the cities that could be evaluated in Africa and the Middle East. Furthermore, these data can be considered conservatives. In huge areas of the world, mainly Africa and South America, they did not have access to real-time data to include them.

Delhi, india

In number of people, these results indicate that the 60% of the world’s population is exposed to diseases caused by pollution in the most polluted cities in the world. In addition, they estimated that by 2019, air pollution will cause seven million deaths worldwide, with an incidence of $ 225 billion in the world economy. They point out that air pollution is the biggest health risk current, being the fourth factor responsible for early deaths.

Hotan, China

The most polluted cities in the world that appeared on the list of these two organizations were:

  • In India they pointed out 33 cities. Fifteen of them appear in the top 20: Gurugram, Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Bhiwadi, Noida, Patna, Lucknow, Delhi, Jodhpur, Muzaffarpur, Varanasi, Moradabad, Agra, Gaya and Jind. Delhi It is also indicated as the most polluted capital in the world.
  • The third most polluted city in the world is located in Pakistan, Faisalabad. In addition, among the top 20 they also mention Lahore.
  • Likewise, two chinese cities they were ranked in the top 20: Hotan and Kashgar. However, they found that the efforts made in this country have allowed an average reduction of 12%.
  • The list of the 20 most polluted cities in the world is completed by Dhaka, in Bangladesh.

Dhaka, Bangladesh

Most polluted cities in Europe

The situation in Europe it does not reach the alarming levels noted above, although adequate measurements are not available everywhere. Bosnia Y Herzegovina in addition to Macedonia presented the higher values of environmental pollution measured in 30 cities.

Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

The rest corresponded to cities in Poland, Czech Republic, Romania, Bulgaria, Italy Y Kosovo. However, a study published by the European Environment Agency indicates that around the 90% of the urban population is subject to air pollutants.

In Spain, it is estimated that they occur near 40,000 deaths per year due to the effect of environmental pollutants.

An important finding of the study was that, among the most polluted countries and cities, polluting factors differ. In the countries indicated, the use of wood and charcoal as a means of home and industrial heating represent the largest contributions. In addition, there is an important component of transboundary pollution which also affects these countries. His conclusion was that despite “slow improvements”, pollution is still a very important factor for health and the environment.

Other cities worldwide

In addition to the most polluted cities in the world already mentioned, there are others with pollution levels higher than the limits established by the WHO. Abu Dhabi It is one of them, considered the city of the Arabian peninsula with the most polluted air. The powerful oil industry of this Arab emirate is the main cause.

It is also named Cairo as the second most polluted city on the African continent, by the amount of vehicles and factories.

Cairo, Egypt

Beijing, capital of China, has reached levels totally overwhelmed of environmental pollution, so they have taken severe measures in this regard.

In Latin America, highlights lime as the most polluted city in South America. The concentration of pollutants in the air by the huge fleet is enhanced by unfavorable weather conditions, like the El Niño phenomenon.

Lima Peru

The contamination in Mexico DF, city in which they should frequently be taken measures to counteract it.

Mexico DF

chili it appears with nine of the ten Latin American cities with the highest pollution; Santiago, its capital, is ranked 20th among the world capitals. In this country, the use of firewood it is the main factor producing contamination.

Finally, Bogota, the Colombian capital, ranked 44th among the world capitals. A aging vehicle fleet and one intensive logging of forests nearby are conjugated with the height to keep the air rarefied.

Some final considerations …

In the year 1972, during his presentation at the United Nations Conference, Indira Ghandi pointed out a harsh phrase, which shocked the world. He said: “There is no worse form of pollution than poverty.” More than 40 years later, his assertion still valid. The fight against environmental pollution should start with the fight to eradicate poverty of the world.

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