Medicinal-plants-that-we-can-grow-at-home

Medicinal plants that we can grow at home

Surely when you feel bad you remember some natural remedy that your grandmother gave you as a child to heal you and you would like to have it handy. There are hundreds of plants that, used as teas, poultices, in the form of tinctures or as essential oils are useful to improve our health. Many of these medicinal plants They can also be used preventively, since those compounds they possess favor the proper functioning of our body.

If you are one of those who opts in the first instance for a natural remedy and, in addition, you are something of a “handyman” for growing plants, the ideal is that you have your small home garden. This activity will not only give you the ease of having relief for many common ailments on hand, but it will give you the satisfaction of cultivating them yourself. Here we are going to tell you a little about why plants have medicinal compounds, give you information about some of them and what medicinal plants can you grow at home.

Why do plants have medicinal compounds

Plants produce an infinity of compounds that have some meaning in their vital functions, although of course, for them they are not medicinal. Plants produce primary metabolites, which are of primary importance for their basic functioning (photosynthesis, respiration, etc.) and which are common to all of them. In addition, they produce secondary metabolites that, although they serve important functions, are not essential for the specific basic functioning of the plant.

For this reason, secondary metabolites differ between groups of plants and can also fulfill different functions in each one. Some correspond to pigments, which we see in flowers, fruits and some colored leaves. Others serve as protection against insects. Others prevent other plants from growing around them. In other words, in general, they mediate all the ecological interactions that plants establish with their environment.

If it is natural does it mean that it is harmless?

Careful! Many times we believe that, as they are plants, their use is completely harmless and that we can use them without much concern. Could not be farther from the truth! Although plants have been used since the origins of humanity to treat certain conditions, and most have shown benefits for our health, many poisons and toxic substances are also natural products.

Another care that we must take is when they are consumed together with some medications, as they could enhance or mitigate the effect of the drug. It is preferable that, if in doubt, you consult with your doctor about the benefit of consuming medicinal plants depending on your health condition.

General guidelines for starting to grow medicinal plants

  1. To start growing your medicinal plants you can do so from seedlings that are sold in commercial nurseries and that have been properly germinated. This is an important detail if you want your medicinal plants to last and be healthy. Once at home, you just need to transplant them and start taking care of them yourself.
  2. If you want to plant them individually, the pots for growing medicinal plants at home do not need to be deep; those of 20 cm are ideal. If your idea is to grow them in a larger pot in which you place several, keep in mind that you must leave enough space between one and the other.
  3. Along with the pot, the choice of substrate is also important for your medicinal plants. Ideally, they should have good drainage. For this, place medium stones in the bottom of the pot, along with sand, and then fill the rest with good quality soil. You can add some worm castings or homemade compost to it.
  4. Your medicinal plants need between 5 and 6 hours of light a day, it does not have to be in full sun, but good lighting. Avoid places with drafts that can damage them.
  5. Irrigation is extremely important. Since it is not always easy to decide how much water our medicinal plant requires, the ideal is to place a plate under the pot in which you can add water. In this way, the plant will absorb the water as required.
  6. You already have your medicinal plants ready to start harvesting! Use clean scissors to cut small twigs, which will regrow and continue to produce new twigs.

Plants you can easily grow at home

Lavender

Its mild fragrance permeates the air with its aroma and can be used both fresh and dry. Is a very versatile medicinal plant by the amount of compounds present in its oil. It has calming and relaxing effects that help in the treatment of anxiety, depression or insomnia. It also has antiseptic properties and its aroma helps repel some insects, such as moths.

Lavender can be used in tea form to help reduce inflammation of the bladder and other urinary problems, a warm washcloth soaked in lavender water helps improve headaches, and rubbing lavender oil on the joints helps relieve rheumatic pain. .

Chamomile

You can love it or hate it, what you cannot is deny the benefits it has. Chamomile contains a large number of medicinal components. Perhaps its best known benefit as a medicinal plant is for the relief of digestive problems: heartburn, stomach pain, gas, poor digestion …

Another of its great values ​​is its quality to reduce inflammation and its use as an antiseptic: in the case of burns, hemorrhoids, eye swelling, skin irritations, conjunctivitis, mouth sores. In addition, it helps in cases of insomnia and nervousness.

Garlic

Garlic is, perhaps, one of those natural products little valued as medicinal. Sure, it’s so rich in food that we overlook other benefits it can provide as a medicinal plant. Garlic has been used as an anticoagulant, antibiotic, repellent and antioxidant, and we can use it in conditions that attack from the ears to the tip of the foot.

Its best-known properties are related to the circulatory system: it improves circulation, preventing hypertension, and regulates cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Something you might not know about garlic? It favors weight loss because, when eating it, satiety signals are produced that go to our brain. It also helps metabolic function and calorie burning.

Parsley

Another of our great allies in the kitchen and in health! Parsley has vitamin A, B vitamins and a large amount of vitamin C. In addition, it is rich in minerals such as magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, calcium and iron. The presence of vitamin C and iron help in the fight against anemia. Using it with food or in tea helps to overcome inflammatory processes.

Also, the use of its juice on the skin eliminates or diminishes the spots. It is an excellent cleanser and diuretic that contributes to the elimination of toxins and to reduce fluid retention. In some cases, it has been shown to have protective effects on the liver.

Basil

Yes, it is wonderful in a sauce, but it has an even greater value as an activator of the immune system, helping in processes of fatigue and depression. A basil leaf juice helps to relieve the symptoms of bronchitis, colds and sore throats.

It also acts on the digestive tract, promoting digestion and preventing flatulence. Making an infusion with fresh basil leaves and lemon drops calms intestinal spasms. This medicinal plant is a great regulator of the nervous system.

Aloe vera or aloe

Aloe vera, or aloe, is another of those plants that you must always have on hand for its antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. Its emollient and softening effect is complemented by high values ​​of vitamins: A, B1, B2, B6, C, E, folic acid, minerals and essential amino acids in the treatment of skin damage.

It is an excellent enhancer of cell regeneration and the growth of new tissues, so its slime is recommended to relieve burns, wounds, and other skin lesions such as ulcers. Its juice, used cold as a suppository, relieves the discomfort caused by hemorrhoids, as it helps reduce inflammation.

Thyme

Very versatile plant with varied therapeutic propertiesThyme has always been present in the kitchen, but it is also an ally of our health. Among all its medicinal powers, its antiseptic and decongestant power stand out. Its main use is in the form of essential oil, although it is also consumed in the form of an infusion. It is an excellent antimicrobial, demonstrating effectiveness against antibiotic resistant strains.

It also has a great vermifuge power, that is, it fights the presence of worms in the intestine, for example. Of its most curious properties we can highlight its balancing effect on progesterone levels, which helps to relieve the symptoms of menopause. It also helps relieve premenstrual syndrome.

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