Low Lymphocytes: What It Means and How to Raise Them

To maintain our health, the immune system produces lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell, with the sole mission of protecting the body at all costs. When a disease or virus attacks our body, it is natural for the lymphocyte values ​​to decline, exposing the body even more to threats.

To prevent these risks it is necessary know what it means to have a low lymphocyte count and how to raise them.

Why do lymphocytes go down in the body?

There are numerous reasons why we have low lymphocytes, from a poor diet in minerals and antioxidants, as well as in congenital factors that require more attention.

Bone marrow disorders

Lymphocytes originate in the bone marrow, which means that a disorder in this part of the body impairs the production of this type of white blood cell, putting us at a disadvantage against dangerous microorganisms.

The most common bone marrow disorder is leukemia, as a very aggressive type of cancer that ends with the production of white blood cells and triggers other health problems such as anemia, polycythemia, among others.

Another disorder derived from a bone marrow condition is aplastic anemia, which is capable of lowering lymphocyte levels. Symptoms include: fatigue, irregular heartbeat, frequent infections, easy bruising, skin rashes, prolonged bleeding from the nose or gums, headache, and dizziness.

Neurological diseases

Diseases that compromise the functioning of the nervous system are also capable of reducing the production of these white blood cells in the body, and therefore affect our immune system. Some of them are Parkinson’s and multiple sclerosis.

Autoimmune diseases

In these cases, the lymphocytes attack the body’s own cells even if they are healthy, thus destroying organs and other tissues that were in perfect condition. They are rare diseases and do not have a definitive cure. Some of these autoimmune diseases are:

  • Sjogren’s syndrome
  • Polymyalgia rheumatica
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus

Other causes for low lymphocytes are:

  • Bacterial infections
  • Taking some antipsychotics
  • Diseases such as HIV, malaria, or tuberculosis
  • Liver failure
  • Cancer treatments

We must pay attention to the symptoms that correspond to each of these diseases, because, although at first glance the decrease in lymphocytes is not serious, it can cross lower values ​​where the immune system could not recover.

How to raise the values?

If we have habits of alcohol consumption, stopping it is the first measure we must take to raise the lymphocyte values. If it is the case that we consume corticosteroid drugs and the doctor discovers that this is the cause of the immune deficiency, we must also stop their intake immediately.

If we maintain a balanced diet, with all the minerals and vitamins that the body needs for its proper functioning, this type of white blood cell will be at its maximum power. Also, let’s not forget that resting is important and respecting the hours of sleep required by the body.

Other measures we can take to upload them are:

  • Take care of personal hygiene.
  • Wash hands frequently and do not come into intimate contact with sick people.

If the cause of their decline is specific drugs, the values ​​are restored long after the supply of the same in our body has been interrupted. Also, as a preventive method, the doctor can administer gamma globulin for infections with B lymphocyte deficiency.

For those patients with inherited immunodeficiency, the treatment is usually a stem cell transplant. And in less serious cases such as an infection that lowered the lymphocytes, the administration of antivirals or antibiotics will recover us.

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