Jiu Jitsu: everything you need to know about this ancient martial art

Martial arts have become one of the most complex and at the same time most interesting practices in history. Among one of the most popular is Jiu Jitsu, considered a sports discipline that deserves a lot of concentration, effort and technique.

Jiu Jitsu emerged more than two thousand years ago, specifically during the time of Buddha. Today it is considered the ideal martial art for hand-to-hand combat. It can be practiced by anyone, regardless of age, physical condition or gender. Learn more about its history, techniques and modalities.

History of Jiu Jitsu

There are different types of martial arts whose main objective is to provide physical abilities and skills in order to face a certain opponent. These practices represent a different way of facing violence, in addition to providing value formation and educating perseverance.

Jiu Jitsu could be described as one of the most ideal martial arts for beginners., since it does not deserve many physical skills compared to other styles such as karate, Judo or Aikido. There are those who claim that this martial art originated in Japan, but in reality its origins date back to India.

It began to take center stage more than two thousand years ago, to be more exact, during the time of Buddha, when Jiu Jitsu began to give its first signs of life, until it became one of the favorite and favorite martial arts of the public.

It is believed that at that time, Buddhist monks were urged to find a self-defense system that would help them defend themselves without the need for weapons. They could not use weapons as their religion did not allow it. The enemy forces of the Buddhist monks knew of this limitation and took advantage of it to attack them without compassion.

The enemies of the Buddhist monks were responsible for causing many painful attacks during their long pilgrimages through Asia in their attempt to try to spread their beliefs throughout that territory. Jiu Jitsu could be considered as one of the oldest forms of fighting, they are even described as the mother of all martial arts.

Although it arose in India, over time Jiu Jitsu spread to other areas of the world, until it reached China, where it had a great boom. It also became known in Okinawa and Japan, where the receptivity was even greater, to the point of being adopted as a defense mechanism by the warrior classes.

The beginning

Its origins are in India, however its beginnings are centered in Japan, specifically during the period of the 7th and 16th centuries.. At that time, there was not much technological advance, so it was normal for battles to be decided in the open field, where hand-to-hand confrontations were the protagonists. The most courageous type of warrior in Japan at that time was the Samurai.

The Samurai became the legendary fighters of those times. They were characterized by wearing large and precious armor and never refused combat, since they were forbidden to surrender. In this attempt to never lose a battle, the Samurai decided that it was important to develop a new combat system.

In their combats they used to use many defense weapons, for example sword, bow, sling and spear, however they believed that a defense system was necessary that would allow them to face their enemies in case they managed to leave them unarmed, since otherwise, at that time they would be lost.

This is how Jiu Jitsu began to take its first steps in Japan at the hands of the samurai, who were in charge of using this type of hand-to-hand fighting and transmitting it from generation to generation. The Jiu Jitsu of Japan had its notable differences with respect to its origins in India or China.

One of their most prominent differences had to do with movement or defense style. The samurai wore immense armor and that prevented them from performing kicks and other movements, and when they did, it was not with the expected precision. So they focused more on takedown and submission skills.

Jiu Jitsu or Yawara

The term of Jiu Jitsu or Yawara began to have prominence around the year 1600. By that time, many samurai left behind their old way of defense to focus fully on this particular style. They went from being masters of martial arts with weapons to becoming experts of unarmed styles.

Jiu Jitsu began to take shape from the styles with weapons, that is, the samurai took many of the techniques and movements that were used in combat with weapons and adapted it to new styles without weapons, thus emerging what is today in day is known as Jiu Jitsu.

In many countries of the world this style is not very famous, compared to other fighting styles such as sports judo, which has a greater acceptance. The truth is that Jiu Jitsu in all its styles continues to spread throughout the planet. and more and more people are interested in practicing this martial art.

Jiu Jitsu Belts

As with most martial arts, in the case of Japanese Jiu Jitsu, this discipline also uses a classification system based on belts of different colors. Depending on the skill level of the participant, the belt to be used will vary in color. There are belts of different colors, among them:

  • White
  • Red
  • Yellow
  • Orange
  • Green
  • Blue
  • Purple
  • Coffee
  • Black

In this type of martial art the use of some techniques or movements for self defense is allowed. Among the basic techniques are mainly joint dislocations, in addition to blows, kicks, knees, pushes and even strangulations. In classical Jiu Jitsu it is also allowed, apart from defense without weapons, the use of certain objects as defensive or offensive weapons, including the fan, strings and coins.

Keep reading about Sambo.

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