How COVID-19 Affects Asthmatics

In this time of pandemic it is common for the question to arise about how COVID-19 affects asthmatics. People with respiratory conditions and the elderly are most at risk for the disease. Therefore, it is convenient to know what to do in case of infection.

According to the Spanish Society of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (SEAIC), the condition of asthma makes the respiratory tract more susceptible to this type of infection. We will expand the topic further below.

According to Studies: How Does COVID-19 Affect Asthmatics?

It is important to be clear about how COVID-19 affects asthmatics, due to the havoc that this pandemic can cause to people with this condition. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have reported that patients with moderate or severe asthma may face more complications.

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However, there is currently no evidence to confirm that having asthma increases the risk of infection. But the statistics on the disease determine that asthma increases the risks of requiring hospitalization. This happens in people between the ages of 18 and 50, taking the sample from a small number of patients.

How Cortisone Sprays Affect

This medicine is the most used for asthmatic treatments, they are indicated in the form of aerosol and pills. These formulas have an asthmatic hypersensitivity effect on the bronchi, at the same time it is anti-inflammatory. This causes the defenses of the immune system to be minimized. In addition, it encourages the active substance to acquire an immunosuppressive result.

Knowing how COVID-19 affects asthmatics allows us to affirm that regular medication must be followed and not stop taking them, unless indicated by the doctor. If there is a complication, cortisone doses should be adjusted, depending on the pulmonologist’s instructions.

The most advisable thing is to take general measures to avoid contagion. On the other hand, it is important not to interrupt your maintenance treatment at any time. In this way, patients can have their asthma completely controlled. In addition, it is necessary for individuals with asthma to take corticosteroids, especially if this is indicated by specialists.

Constant monitoring

Asthma patients should keep in touch with their trusted doctor. In this way, they will consult if said cortisone-based medications can be replaced in that clinical picture they present.

Also, sudden discontinuation of this medication could be counterproductive. As with the virus, which is very similar, known as SARS-Cov-2. This happens in older people with severe and dangerous asthma.

Experts recommend that asthmatics who, so far, only use cortisone occasionally, should start doing it on a regular basis. In this way, the airways will expand, preventing the patient from shortness of breath and coughing.

Action plan for asthmatics

Not only is it enough to understand how COVID-19 affects asthmatics, it is also advisable to continue with the following planning to avoid complications:

  • Continue with current treatment. Including steroid sprays.
  • Maintain direct contact with your trusted specialist, regarding the concerns they have.
  • Avoid asthma triggers.
  • Plan with your doctor, pharmacist, or insurer regarding emergency supplies and prescribed treatments. The idea is to keep available attention, in cases of alerts or inquiries.
  • It is important to have sufficient supplies; both the indicated recipes and other types.
  • Avoid contact with other people, practice social isolation.
  • Try to avoid worrying or stressing out, these emotions can only trigger asthma attacks.
  • Establish schedules for medication, be consistent with this point.
  • If they are minors, make them see the action plan in case of emergencies.
  • Do activities such as sports or exercise routines at home.

How COVID-19 Affects Childhood Asthmatics

The COVID-19 statistics are not alarming in children. In fact, the contagion figures do not differ in terms of those who do not suffer from this condition. However, the characteristic of asthmatic disease affects the lungs, as does the coronavirus. That is why studies on the chances of contracting the infection are still continuing.

What’s more, The figures indicate that the virus attacks children very mildly. The percentages of being aggravated by Covid-19 increase in the elderly.

How to know if a person with asthma gets COVID-19?

Generally, asthma episodes appear with increased shortness of breath and cough. If they are caused by viral infections, they can be accompanied by fever. A recent study found the following symptoms in people with asthma:

  • Constant cough
  • Fever
  • Congestion.
  • Stomach flu.
  • X-ray showing 32% affected lungs.
  • Beeps in the chest.
  • Oppression.

What to do if you are suspected of having been infected with COVID-19?

In the event that there is evidence of Covid-19 symptoms, it is convenient to activate the action plan: the first step will be to call the medical team. The professionals who know the case, and the antecedents, are the ideal ones to indicate the recommendations.

The specialist will carry out a series of consultations, especially if he has had contact with an infected person. After answering all the doctor’s questions, they will indicate if it is necessary to attend a specialized center in person.

On the other hand, if you witness a crisis at home, use inhalers. Preferably, there should be no people in the same room when using it. Similarly, it is advisable to open a window or be in spaces where air circulates. If the patient is a minor, the representative can help to use the device, standing behind his back while he is using it.

Why is it important to know how COVID-19 affects asthmatics?

The constant information that circulates around the coronavirus, makes all people be attentive. In fact, some individuals develop symptoms of anxiety and stress. These factors may be harmful for asthmatics. For this reason, it is necessary to remain calm and follow the recommendations of the health personnel. Avoiding falling into false alarms.

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