High Platelets

High Platelets: What Does It Mean?

The platelets or also calls thrombocytes They are one of the main cells that we can find in our blood. These types of cells are responsible for blood clotting and wound healing.

The normal thing is that their values ​​oscillate between 150,000 and 450,000 platelets in each milliliter of blood, when these show altered levels, it may mean that there is a possibility that we are facing a disease or a health problem. Also, when thrombocytes are too high they can trigger a condition called thrombosis.

What raises platelet values?

When a specialist detects high platelets In a patient, the first thing to do is determine the reason why these have increased. Platelets can go up for a number of reasons, some as simple as exercising too much, and others much more complex. Some of the main reasons why platelet values ​​increase are:

Iron deficiency anemia

The iron deficiency anemia or iron deficiency is a pathology in which the iron stored in the blood drops drastically and causes a decrease in Red blood cells. This drop in iron values ​​causes the value of thrombocytes in the blood to rise, there are two reasons why this type of anemia can originate:

  • When it comes to a woman who is in the range of childbearing age, if they have very heavy bleeding during menstruation, the iron values ​​in the blood may decrease causing the thrombocytes in the blood to rise.
  • When iron deficiency is suffered by a man it can be due to a hidden blood loss, which can be taken as an alarm signal, since it can be one of the first signs of colon cancer or a serious health problem .

Chronic inflammatory diseases

Another reason why thrombocytes can increase their values ​​in the blood are inflammatory processes. Diseases such as ulcerative colitis wave rheumatoid arthritis They can generate strong inflammations in the body, causing the number of thrombocytes present in the blood to increase.

Bone marrow problems

There is a type of bone marrow disorder known as chronic myeloproliferative diseases, which cause the stem cells that are responsible for the production of blood cells, housed in the bone marrow, for some unknown reason, begin to produce thrombocytes in an uncontrolled way.

Some types of cancer

Cancer tumors in the breasts, ovaries, or lungs have also been linked to high platelets. This is because the tumors generate an inflammatory process in the area where they are housed.

Thrombosis risk

When thrombocytes in the blood increase to more than 450,000 per cubic millimeter, a thrombosis can occur, of which there are two types:

  • The primary thrombosisThis type is generated by a problem that affects the blood or bone marrow, it is less common than the secondary one, but its incidence is higher in people who are over 50 years old. This is the most dangerous type, as they can cause blood clots capable of clogging blood vessels.
  • The secondary thrombosis It is caused by a disease that has not yet been detected, such as a bacterial or viral infection.

In summary

Platelets are the type of blood cell that has the responsibility of forming blood clots and helping healing when there is a wound on the skin, but when their values ​​increase we must be alert, as they are warning us of the presence of some trouble.

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