High Lymphocytes: What It Means and How They Can Be Lowered

We go to the doctor, they send us to do a blood test and the results announce that we have the high lymphocytes, what does this mean? Is it to worry? Everything related to our health worries us, but the presence of high levels is quite common in people, so it is best to find out the causes as soon as possible and lower those levels until the immune system returns to its normal state.

Then discover what it means to have high lymphocytes and how they can be lowered.

What are lymphocytes?

Inside the human body, lymphocytes are a type of cell produced in the bone marrow. We can find them both in the blood and in the lymphatic tissues.

In addition, there are variations of them:

  • B lymphocytes
  • T lymphocytes

Each one has a different task within the body. In the case of the B lymphocyte, its main function is to create antibodies for us. In parallel, T-type lymphocytes destroy cancer cells and are in charge of monitoring immune function.

They are a type of white blood cell that we are continually developing to combat foreign agents in the body.

What does it mean to have high lymphocyte values?

High levels of lymphocytes in the blood announce that there is a threat threatening health, and it is time to take action. Normal levels are between 20% and 40% concentration in the blood.

Who does it affect?

Lymphocytes high within the bloodstream are known as lymphocytosis and it is usually common in children.

Causes of high lymphocytes

There are several conditions that lead to increased levels in the blood such as:

  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C
  • Wilson’s disease
  • Hepatic cirrhosis
  • Liver cancer
  • Fatty liver
  • Cysts in the kidneys

The types of lymphocytosis

Since the causes can be varied, there are two types of lymphocytosis:

Monoclonal lymphocytosis

It is produced by an alteration in the lymph, or lymphatic fluid, without the need for a foreign agent to invade the body. It is usual in cases of leukemia or tumors in the body, as well as, in cases of sclerosis, a type of autoimmune disease.

Polyclonal lymphocytosis

This type of lymphocytosis is produced by the appearance of infectious bacteria that force the body to defend itself. It is common to find the cause in the HIV virus, in a badly treated flu, the development of other sexually transmitted diseases, and even in herpes.

Treatment

To maintain the well-being of our health, it is necessary to lower the levels of this type of cell in the blood. If it is the case of a mild cause, we can combat the threat with antibiotics prescribed by a doctor. With the intake of antivirals we can also stop the infectious incubation and let the values ​​return to normal.

Some drugs that doctors recommend:

  • Glucocorticoids
  • Methotrexate
  • Epinephrine

As a method of prevention and complementation in the treatment, it is recommended:

  • A balanced diet
  • Increase hydration in our routine
  • Do exercise

In this way, we are purifying the negative agents from our body and ensuring a stable immune system.

For much more serious cases, such as leukemia or any cancer invasion, chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatments are used. Regardless, to lower lymphocytes efficiently it is necessary to treat the underlying disease from its origin.

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