The increase in diseases related to fatty liver are increasingly recurrent and cause concern in the population. Perhaps, ignorance of a good diet or neglect of body mass are the main factors of this disease. The consumption of alcohol is also another element that influences a malfunction of the organ. Causing risks that can be harmful to health.
To know how to prevent this condition, it is convenient to know everything about the condition and how to act in case of presenting symptoms. Here are some useful tips.
What is the fatty liver?
It is a disease also known as hepatic steatosis, result of a excessive accumulation of fat in the liver.
Although it is true, the size of this organ is greater than any other, it performs 3 functions that are elementary for the organism, such as:
- Helps digest fat in food.
- It stores glycogen, the main source of energy for cells.
- Eliminate toxins.
Now, these functions are affected when the liver converts its tissue into fat, establishing 5 or 6% of the material. This is achieved with the particles called triglycerides, corresponding to the fat that seeks to enter each liver cell.
Regarding the identification of a fatty liver, on certain occasions it can be difficult to witness. Some are not of higher risk and can be diagnosed with examinations of other areas of the body or simply routine.
This pathology can arise in two ways, either nonalcoholic or alcoholic (alcoholic hepatic steatosis).
Tips to reduce risks
In overweight people, liver damage is higher. In fact, it causes repeated inflammations. It is appropriate to plan a healthy diet, which includes proteins or other nutritional properties for the body. Similarly, persist with a series of exercises and, if possible, resort to professional trainers.
Discard alcoholic beverages
This recommendation is essential in people who are overweight and who consume too much alcohol. In the case of an addiction, rehabilitation is a perfect method to reduce consumption anxiety.
Eliminate certain medications
With the development of other pathologies, drugs will be consumed to control the state of health. However, some of these recipes are the main causes of liver disease. That is why it is advisable to attend a clinical center and receive the attention of a doctor. With an examination, the professional will diagnose the probability of a pharmaceutical affectation.
Hepatitis A and B vaccine
Commonly, a doctor suggests incorporating vitamin E into the body to restore damage. In other cases, it is favorable to place the vaccine and thus create a layer of protection.
How does alcohol affect fatty liver?
Alcoholic fatty liver disease originates from people who consume too little or too much alcohol. To be more specific, when the beverage with alcoholic properties is delivered to the body, decomposition occurs. The organ in charge of carrying out this process is the liver, it traps the liquid and begins to disintegrate it. Obviously, these substances travel through the organ, attacking the liver cells of the system.
With fat and constant alcohol, the liver collapses creating diseases such as:
- Alcoholic hepatitis.
Types of condition without alcohol consumption
According to official data, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is very common in Western countries. People who do not drink or drink alcohol can develop a kind of simple complication or hepatic steatosis.
There is a small accumulation of fat that does not cause any abnormality such as inflammation or cell damage. It is not an aggravating pathology, in fact in a few cases it has produced fatal liver risks.
Nonalcoholic hepatic steatosis
It is a situation contrary to the simple disease, here if there are inflammations or serious complications in the cells of the organ. Among the ailments caused are fibrosis, cirrhosis and in troublesome cases, liver cancer.
What are the signs of a NAFLD condition?
This pathology does not show signs or irregular reactions in the body. Although depending on the system, a manifestation of fatigue is possible. Also, pains may appear in the abdomen, specifically in the upper area.
On the other hand, when there is cirrhosis or scarring, it is observed:
- Notorious swelling with gas and abdominal pain.
- Increased blood vessels under the skin.
- Spleen (viscus) growth.
- A prominent red color on the palm of the hand.
- Jaundice, meaning the adaptation of a yellowish whole in the color of the skin and eyes
What alterations does cirrhosis cause?
The origin of cirrhosis is liver damage, generally induced by different inflammations of the organ. In the fight to control that growth, the liver undergoes and develops a variety of scars. What is the same, a spread of lesions that damage liver tissue.
Anomalies of this type are to worry about, perhaps requiring surgery and strong treatments. Otherwise, the development of alarming complications is possible, including:
- Ascites: accumulation of fluids that cause abdominal swelling. In addition to indigestion, heartburn, pain in the back. Also, shortness of breath and edema in the ankles.
- Also, a prolonged swelling in esophageal varices is possible to the point of obstructing them and causing bleeding.
- Revelation of hepatic encephalopathy, an affection that damages part of the brain. For this reason, the individual is placed in a confused position and complications when communicating through words.
- Liver cancer
- In devastating scenarios, it leads to terminal liver failure translated as the death of the liver.
Considerations for a healthy diet
At the moment of obtaining a diagnosis that confirms liver disease, it is advisable to consume the following foods:
- Preparation of creams with beans.
- Use of olive oils in salads.
- Mix of natural yogurt with fresh fruits.
- Whole wheat tortillas.
- Fat-free cheese.
Importance of vitamin C and D
Vitamins are powerful weapons, they limit the damage of inflammation. As for the many foods rich in vitamin C, there are fruits and vegetables. Pineapple is recommended, as it contains minerals that provide strength to a fatty organ. Similarly, specialists recommend the consumption of vitamin D, found in yolks, cheese and tuna. These foods reduce liver disorders.