Euthanasia and its moral implications

As sensitive people, the idea of ​​pain is something that the vast majority of the population abhors, the idea of ​​suffering is unpleasant. The families of sick people often cannot bear to see their loved ones in unfavorable living conditions, suffering needlessly.

Humans create affective ties among them very strong because actions that are made throughout life are valued. This is why it seems unfair to see a loved one go through moments of grief.

Even the same people who suffer from, or who are in a terminal life stateThey regret being like this and want to end their ordeal. In circumstances like this, it is possible to resort to euthanasia.

However, euthanasia generates many discussions and debates between what is morally correct and what is required by individuals. But before delving into the subject, you must have a clear approach to the concept.

What is euthanasia?

When people are in critical life situations or suffer from terminal disease, they have the alternative of opting for euthanasia.

Under natural conditions, these people’s illnesses would progress to the point of preventing them from performing certain activities, causing discomfort and pain. Euthanasia, in simple words, is the act of putting an end to their lives to prevent further suffering.

The word euthanasia comes from the combination of two Greek words: eu and thanatos. Eu means “good” and thatanos means “death.” In other words, it literally means the good death.

The concept is liked by a large group of people who think about the well-being and comfort of the suffering individuals. But he is despised by another group that is guided by what it considers correct.

This is where the debates begin. What is more important: what an outside group thinks is right or wrong or what people want? What are the arguments of both parties?

Moral controversies

Euthanasia is one of those talking points that has to be treated with care, because each person has a different point of view. Each deserves respect, but the contemporary society tends to lean to the side morally correct while dismissing those who are in favor.

There are many articles and posts on the Internet about this, both opposing and proving it.

Among the moral arguments for oppose euthanasia are the following:

The euthanasia is suicide with consent

This argument is based on the fact that it is a process by which the person can end their own life in an agreed, consensual and assisted manner. And it’s true, that’s what it’s all about. In many religions, suicide is frowned upon because it means giving up life, and from their point of view, people come to this world to fulfill a purpose that they are denying.

It takes away the value of life

When this is said, it refers to euthanasia progressing to the point where life is worth nothing. First, it would be starting with terminal patients, then it would go to mental patients and it would end without any discrimination for life. A lot of control is needed in case it is decriminalized in most countries to avoid these cases.

It is not a dignified death

It is said that euthanasia does not represent a dignified death because it is done as a request to stop facing life situations. Although it may seem a cruel point of view, its defenders say that a natural death is much more honorable and noble.

Among the arguments for defend euthanasia are the following:

It is a demand of the people themselves (or relatives, in special cases)

At present, an important focus is placed on giving each person the freedom to choose their own destiny. Each person has the freedom to live as they please, and the desire to resort to euthanasia to lessen their suffering It is a clear decision and one that deserves respect.

Not worth it live in suffering

Throughout the history of humanity there have been cultures that have praised death as if it were just another god. The Mayan culture is one of them, theorizing that life is just a period of time in which one only comes to suffer. Today it is known that life must be enjoyed to the fullest and that you have to take advantage of every moment. For this very reason, it is necessary to allow each person to decide whether their torture is bearable or not.

In the absence of solutions, euthanasia it is an option

This point is seen as pressure towards science and towards technology. There are diseases and conditions that become so serious that they hinder the development of daily life. Although science and technology have managed to cure thousands of them, there are still many incurable. And as long as there is no way to heal, euthanasia would only shorten events until the moment of death.

With much confidence it is said that those against are conservatives, refusing the evolution of points of view and new ideas. They often use religion as an umbrella to defend their arguments.

Similarly, those who are in favor are progressive, always supporting innovative ideas that represent comfort to society. They tend to prioritize freedom of expression and the wishes of each individual and their decisions.


It is difficult to decide which of the two sides is correct, as they both make valid points and their reasoning is well reinforced. Without a doubt, it will be a long time before euthanasia conversation reach all countries, and much more to be approved and decriminalized.

In a society as plural as the one we have in 2019, it is understandable that this is a right that many people are willing to defend. Those who do not like it, who do not choose it, but who respect the decision of those who consider it as an alternative. The will to die belongs to the one who lives.

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