Erysipelas (or dissipelas): symptoms, contagion, causes and treatment

Erysipelas is an infection that occurs on the skin, specifically in the surface layer. It usually produces inflamed, painful and very red wounds. These tend to develop particularly on the face, legs, arms, and sometimes other parts of the body. Likewise, it is considered a highly recurrent disease in people over fifty, diabetic and obese.

Symptoms of erysipelas

The bacteria that cause erysipelas are called Streptococcus Pyogenes. On the other hand, among the symptoms of this disease, which appears unexpectedly, are the following:

  • Painful, inflamed and reddened wounds.
  • Burning in the affected area.
  • Stains with raised and irregular edges.
  • Darkening of the affected area. Also, blistering, in this case, is known as bullous erysipelas.

Form of contagion

It is due to a bacterial infection, caused mainly by different kinds of streptococci such as: Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus agalactiae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterobacteriaceae.

Its type of contagion is not transmitted from one person to another. Therefore, the appearance of symptoms must be taken into account to prevent its spread. Likewise, people with diabetes or who have a weak immune system are the most likely to risk.

This bacterium colonizes the entire organism from the moment it penetrates the skin. Which, can happen by a wound, sting and any other type of vulnerability in the immune system of the individual.

What Causes Erysipelas?

The infection arises from the colonization of streptococcal bacteria in the body. Therefore, it tends to affect areas like the hands and feet more. Because they are the most vulnerable areas to the friction of objects or elements that could be carriers of the bacteria.

Anyone could develop this infection. However, smokers, those who drink alcohol or have an unhealthy life, are more susceptible. Therefore, the best way to avoid suffering from it is to take care of your skin. Especially if there are open wounds that could quickly become contaminated.

Recommended treatments

The main thing is the use of anti-inflammatories. As well as the use of cloths with warm water on the wounds to relieve them. Do not put rest aside depending on the affected area. If it is the legs, it is advisable to keep them elevated, this will reduce pain. The most widely used medication is penicillin, because its reaction is immediate.

In the event that the person develops allergies to this antibiotic, they may resort to other drugs such as ciprofloxacin and azithromycin, upon prescription from the doctor.

Tips for treating the disease

In case of fever, acute pain, or uncontrollable burning, it will be necessary to go immediately to a specialist. In this way, an evaluation and diagnosis will be made to indicate the appropriate treatment for your recovery.

Adults, especially those with diabetes, must have strict control of their glucose levels. In addition, when you have wounds on the skin they cannot be neglected because bacteria can easily enter there.

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