Roza Otunbayeva is a Kyrgyz Professor of Philosophy, Politics and Diplomat, who was born on August 23, 1950, in Osh, Kyrgyz Soviet Socialist Republic, Soviet Union.
His full name is Roza Isákovna Otunbáyeva and is a native of Kyrgyzstan, a country also known as Kyrgyzstan or Kirguisia and officially, as the Kyrgyz Republic.
Roza Isákovna She is the daughter of a magistrate of the Supreme Court of the Kyrgyz Soviet Socialist Republic (RSSK). She is divorced and has two children.
Roza studied first, at the Faculty of Philosophy of the Moscow State University and then, from 1972 to 1975, he studied postgraduate studies receiving the title of “Science Candidate”. This title is only awarded for original research that makes a notable contribution to a field of study and is equivalent to a PhD.
Upon returning to Kyrgyzstan, he began teaching at the Department of Philosophy of the Kyrgyz National University, where she was in charge of that department for six years. In 1981 the political career of Roza Otunbayeva when it becomes part of the Communist Party of Kyrgyzstan, local branch of Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
Roza He would have a great future in the politics of his country, holding a series of positions that include the presidency of the republic.
Political career of Roza Otunbáyeva
Roza Otunbayeva She began her political participation at the municipal level, until in 1986 she went on to hold more important positions, such as Vice President of the Council of Ministers and Minister of Foreign Affairs.
During Askar Akáyev’s presidency he was Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kyrgyzstan, from February 26 to October 10, 1992. From July 1997 she was in charge of the Kyrgyz Embassy in the United Kingdom and from 2002 to 2004, she was on a special UN mission in Georgia, as deputy chief.
On December 13, 2004, he announced the creation of the Ata-Jurt (Homeland) movement, a party with which he would register in 2005 as a candidate for a single-member post in parliament. The electoral authorities vetoed his participation for having lived outside the country during the last five years, for his work at the UN, which contravened electoral regulations.
For her, the reason for her exclusion was different, given that the president’s eldest daughter, Bermet Akáyeva, was launching herself in the same district.
Hence, Otunbayeva he promoted within his party, demonstrations based on the fact that the opposition was not going to allow anyone “to build a dynastic monarchy in our civilized republic.”
Many opposition voters took to the streets to denounce vote counting fraud, which they said awarded seats in parliament to pro-government candidates.
On March 10, 2005, before the second round, they demanded the annulment of the first round, as well as the holding of new legislative elections in six months. The opponents also requested the resignation of President Bermet Akáyeva and the advancement of the presidential elections. for July of that same year.
After the second round of elections was held, on March 13, which was classified by the opposition as fraudulent, the country ignited in protests.
Originating the call “Tulip Revolution”, Which was named that way, due to the multicolored character of the peaceful protests, although yellow and pink predominated.
Roza Otunbayeva had a leading performance in the “Tulip Revolution”, Which served to expel President Akáyeva from power, on the 24th of that same month.
During the interim government of Prime Minister Kurmanbek Bakiyev, Otunbayeva She was Minister of Foreign Affairs for a few months, while the new government was regularized. In November 2006, Otunbayeva he was a key figure in the protests calling for a new constitution for Kyrgyzstan.
After the legislative elections of December 16, 2007, Otunbayeva she was elected to the Kyrgyz parliament as a candidate of the Social Democratic Party.
Otunbayeva with Obama
At the beginning of 2010, the discontent of the Kyrgyz people erupted into a revolt that quickly spread throughout the country, generating destruction and death.
On April 7, this situation reached its peak in the Kyrgyz capital, where protesters and troops clashed, generating a large number of victims.
In the afternoon of the same day, the opposition announced the appointment of Roza Otunbayeva as head of the Provisional Government before the fall of the government of Kurmanbek Bakiyev.
The Roza Otunbáyeva’s political career had led her to be President of the Kyrgyz Republic since April 7, 2010, a position he would hold until December 1, 2011.
Roza Otunbayeva would hand over power, that day, to the Social Democrat Almazbek Atambayev, who was elected in the presidential elections of September 2011.
Awards given to Roza Otunbáyeva
As of 2011, when Roza Otunbayeva He left the Presidency of the Kyrgyz Republic, started a Foundation called “Roza Otunbáyeva Initiative”. The purpose of this Foundation is to implement programs and projects that contribute to the social, political and economic development of the Kyrgyz Republic.
From that moment on, Roza Otunbayeva began to receive a series of awards and distinctions, among which are:
- Glamor Magazine awarded her the “Glamor Award The Chosen Ones” in the category: “Women Heads of State” in 2010.
- Newsweek Daily Beast publication included Otunbayeva on the list of the “150 Most Influential Women in the World” (2011 Edition).
- She was awarded the order of “Commander of the French Legion of Honor”.
- He received the “Polar Star”, which is the most important chivalric order in Mongolia.
- The President of Italy awarded him the “Minerva Medallion Award” for his “high institutional role in Kyrgyzstan and his international activities to promote democracy and peace”.
- The United States Department of State recognized her with the “2011 International Women of Courage Award”, which is awarded to those women who stand out for their leadership, courage and willingness to sacrifice in favor of others.
- The Eurasia Foundation presented him with the “Bill Maynes Award” for visionary leadership during the Kyrgyz constitutional transition and for being an example of a life dedicated to public service, on December 13, 2012.
Without a doubt, she is one of the women who is worth noting in today’s politics.