Balanitis: what is it, symptoms, causes and how to treat it

The balanitis it is a terrible disease for men and women. It consists of inflammation of the glans in men, and inflammation of the clitoris in women, although it tends to be more common in males. It is difficult to know exactly how many people are affected by this, since it has not been possible to calculate its prevalence, but it is estimated that about 11% of genitourinary consultations are patients with this problem.

Symptoms of balanitis

The signs that may indicate the presence of balanitis are the following:

  • Urethral discharge, often with a bad smell.
  • Outbreaks of red sores on the glans.
  • Difficulty or inability to retract the foreskin.
  • The glans turns red, this is usually accompanied by pain and itching.
  • Pain when urinating.


There are many factors that can give rise to this annoying disease, the most frequent causes may be:


Some products, such as soaps, disinfectants, and condoms, contain chemical components that can cause allergic reactions.

Poor personal hygiene

When a person lacks good hygiene habits, there is the possibility that the bacterial flora present in this part of the body can reproduce. causing irritation and infections.

Suffer some kind of trauma

Some types of injuries such as blows, can be responsible for the appearance of this disease.

Foreskin sclerosis

It can also be called adhesions, this problem has the potential to trigger the phimotic factor, which could end up becoming a causative factor for this disease.

Sexually transmitted diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases such as herpes or the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) cause balanitis.

Bacterial growth

Both the penis and the vagina are wet areas, if proper care is not taken and hygiene is neglected, it can lead to bacterial or fungal growth.

Use of piercings

Piercings are one of the highest risk factors. When placing it, the wound can become infected and cause this type of condition, in addition the discomfort caused by its presence can also be a possible cause.

Aggressive masturbations

Masturbating very violently or frequently can cause lesions on the glans and clitoris, and this can give rise to this ailment.

How to treat it?

Treatment of this disease is divided into three classes, and is decided by the doctor, depending on the complexity of the case it can be:


Conservative treatment is very simple and is applied in the mildest cases, it consists of keeping the affected part well clean and dry.


Drug-based treatment depends on the type of balanitis:

  • Candida balanitis is treated with antifungals such as clotrimazole.
  • In the case of bacterial balanitis, topical antibiotics should be used, and if the infection is very severe, will have to resort to oral antibiotics.
  • If it is herpetic balanitis, it is used valacyclovir or famciclovir.
  • For circinate balanitis the use of topical corticosteroids and a treatment for the patient if the infection is believed to be caused by a sexually transmitted disease.
  • When it comes to balanitis caused by allergic reaction, it is recommended eliminate the causative factor, and the application of moisturizers or corticosteroids.


  • Circumcision is an option when there are cases resistant to treatment or relapses.
  • If distal stenosis is detected, a dilation of the urethral meatus or meatoplasty.

In summary

This disease can be very uncomfortable and can harm both men and women. It is possible to prevent it by maintaining good hygiene. For those who already suffer from it, it is very important to see a doctor who will determine what is the appropriate treatment to be followed by the patient.

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